Saturday, September 15, 2012

JKBOSE 10th Class syllabus


Description
Scheme of Studies
1.  Compulsory Subjects
1.  (i) Urdu (Baharistan) (From Right to Left)                                         81-76
2.  (ii) Urdu (Gulistan) (From Right to Left)                                             86-82
    Or Hindi (First Compulsory Language)                                                   48-51
2. General English (Second Compulsory Language)                                  1-6
3. Mathematics                                                                                           7-10
4. Social Science (History, Civics, Geography)                                        11-20
5. Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology)                                                  21-30
2. Activity Related Areas:
1. Work Experience                                                                                   35-36
2. Health and Physical Education                                                               37-43
3. Art Education                                                                                              44
3. Subject for Physically handicapped children, Blind, Deaf and Dumb:
1. Painting                                                                                                   44-45
2. Music                                                                                                         46
3. Home Science                                                                                           47
4. Additional Language/Subject/s:
1. Computer Science                                                                                     31-34
2. Hindi                                                                                                       52-53
3. Dogri                                                                                                         54-55
4. Sanskrit                                                                                                        56-57
5. Bhoti                                                                                                       58-63
6. Punjabi                                                                                                  64-66
7. Persian (From Right to Left)                                                                   68-67
8. Arabic                                                                                                        69
9. Kashmiri (from Right to Left)                                                                    71-70
10. Urdu (Gulistan) (from Right to Left)                                                         73-72
11. Urdu (Baharistan) (from Right to Left)                                            75-74Concession for Physically



                                                   Concession for Physically Challenged Students
The Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education vide notification No (F Acad —
C) Disabled/C/06, Dated 03-07-06 has given following concessions to physically challenged students.
1. Students with 40% disability (Deafness, Dumbness, lower vision, Leprosy cured, hearing
impairment, Loco-motor disability, mental retardation and mental illness) of permanent
nature shall have to secure only 28% marks instead of 33%. This is applicable to both
theory and practicals.
2. No examination fee shall be charged to physically challenged students (Deafness, lower
vision, leprosy cured, hearing impairment, loco motor disability, mental retardation and
mental illness) in case where the physical handicappedness is 50% or more, of permanent
nature.
Note: Such physically challenged students shall have to produce certificate from District Medical
Board (Competent Authority appointed by the Directorate of Health Services Kashmir/Jammu)
or documentary proof from the Department of Social Welfare Jammu and Kashmir.
The Certificate is to be attached with the Admission cum Permission form of Examination.




                                                            SCHEME OF STUDIES
Every candidate shall be required to take up all the compulsory five subjects to pass/qualify
the Class X from the course listed below. They can also offer one subject under additional languages/
subject.
Compulsory Subjects:
1. Urdu or Hindi (First Compulsory Language)
2. General English (Second Compulsory Language)
3. Mathematics.
4. Social Science (History, Civics, Geography)
5. Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology)
Additional Language/Subject/s:
l Urdu
l Kashmiri
l Arabic
l Persian
l Hindi
l Dogri
l Sanskrit
l Bhoti
l Punjabi
l Computer Education/Science.
Note: No repetition of language is allowed, while opting for additional subject.
Activity Related Areas:
(i) Work Experience
(ii) Health and Physical Education
(iii) Art Education
Note: To be assessed/evaluated under C. C.E. Scheme.
Subjects for Physically Challenged Children (Blind, Deaf and Dumb.)
(i) Painting
(ii) Music
(iii) Home Science.





                                                                          ENGLISH
              AIMS
            To enable students to: -
1. Develop the ability to use English effectively for the purpose of practical commu-nication
in a variety of second language situations where applicable;
2. Form a sound base for the skills required for further study or employment using English
as the medium;
3. Develop an awareness of the nature of language and language-learning skills along with a
more general application (e.g., interfacing, analysing, synthesizing material);
4. Encourage students to enjoy and appreciate the variety of language;
5. Enable students to understand and respond appropriately to what they hear, read and
experience.
DOMAINS:
1. Reading/writing
2. Usage
3. Speaking
4. Listening.
Reading/Writing:
Only a few tasks shall be set to test the reading skill. The skills of reading and writing shall
be tested in an integrated manner to reflect the way in which language is actually used. This is to
allow writing tasks to be stimulated by authentic reading texts rather than seeing the two activities
as diverse elements.
However, a few tasks may be set to test the reading skill exclusively.
I. Reading
All the students should be able to:
(i) Demonstrate understanding of words/phrases within short texts;
(ii) Scan for and extract specific information from texts (At least from the texts of textbooks
prescribed);
(iii) Organize the relevant information and present it in a logical manner/given format.
2. Writing
All the students should be able to
(i) Carry out simple writing tests, such as, writing an essay, short letters, short stories, paragraphs,
paraphrase, summaries in an appropriate form in response to a written —stimulus;
(ii) Demonstrate the ability to describe, report or give information;

(iii) Identify, organise and present given material in a particular form;
3. Usage
This domain will test candidate’s knowledge of the structure of English. It will emphasis
accuracy and ability to use the grammatical rules of the language correctly. This domain will be
tested, to a varying degree, throughout the paper.
Students should be able to:
(i) Exercise care over punctuation and spelling, write in accurate simple sentences, attempt
a variety of sentence structures.
(ii) Recognize the need for paragraphing.
(iii) Use an  appropriate vocabulary.
Speaking/Listening
(Oral/aural communication)
All students should be able to:
(i) Understand and convey simple and detailed information.
(ii) Present facts, ideas or opinions in an orderly sequence.
(iii) Make relevant comments on what is heard, seen or read.
(iv) Describe experience(s) in simple terms and express intelligibly what is thought or imagined.
(v) Respond appropriately in a particular situation.
(vi) Speak  audibly with appropriate tone, intonation and pace.
Note: - The oral/aural communication skills will he tested by the school under the scheme of
continuous and comprehensive evaluation. Oral interviews will be used to test the skills.

                                                           




                                                                             ENGLISH     

  Max. Marks: 100                                                                                                        Time : 3 hours

Subject: Syllabi for English Textbook titled Tulip Series, Book-X, Class-X, with the following
detailed weightage of marks as shown against each:

1. Prose                                                                       19 Marks
2. Poetry                                                                      21 Marks
3. Short Stories                                                            10 Marks
4. Play 05 Marks
5. Writing Skills                                                           20 Marks
6. Grammar                                                                  25 Marks


PROSE;-


  •  One seen passage from the prescribed textbook will be given followed by blanks, asking

antonyms/ synonyms, phrases and meaning of difficult words. The total no. of objective type
questions in this passage shall be eight each carrying ½ mark.                         1/2x 8 = 4 Marks

  • One unseen passage shall be given, followed by five blanks to be filled in with correct answers.

Each blank shall carry 1 mark.                                                                          1 x 5 = 5 Marks

  •  One question with internal choice shall be asked from prose portion based on content i.e.,

theme/situation/style and shall carry five marks. (150-200 words)                1 x 5 = 5 Marks

  • One question shall be asked from prose portion with regard to literary devices such as (irony,

humour satire,imagery, simile, metaphor etc.). The question shall carry five marks. (Internal
Choice)                                                                                                          1 x  5 =5 Marks


POETRY;-


  •  One question will be asked from poetry portion carrying 06 marks

i. The poem shall be given followed by its summary with blanks to be filled in by the
students. Each blank shall carry ½ mark.                                                              1/2x 6 = 3 Marks
ii. Certain poetic expression will be given and their meaning in the bubbles to be filled in
the table at appropriate places.                                                                              1/2x 6 = 3 Marks

  • One question will be asked from poetry portion carrying five marks with the following details:

i. a stanza from a poem will be given asking students two questions of 2 marks each culled
out from the given stanza.                                                                                   2 x 2 = 4 Marks
ii. Words from stanza asking for their meaning.                                                    1/2x 2 = 1 Mark

  •  Two stanzas or a part of a poem shall be given and the students shall be asked to identify poetic

devices. Each question shall carry 3 marks. (Internal Choice)                                   2 x 3 = 6 Marks

  •  A question shall be asked with regard to understanding of a stanza or part of a poem or a poem

(125-150) words (Internal Choice)                                                                               1 x 4 = 4 Marks4


SHORT STORIES;-

Two questions shall be asked from short stories regarding theme/climax/anticlimax/ character/
writing work/literary devices etc. Each question shall carry 5 marks (150-200) words.
                                                                                                              2 x 5 Marks =10 (Internal Choice)

  •  Play

One question shall be asked from play regarding scene, situation, character, humour, irony,
theme, climax etc. The question shall carry five marks and the student shall have to answer
within 150 to 200 words. (Internal Choice)                                                            1 x 5 = 5 Marks

  • Writing Skills (The writing skill shall also include the exercises at the end of the lessons

in the textbook Tulip series book-X)
i. Notes for notice board (the material shall be given and students shall have to take the
information from the given material. The notice in no case shall exceed 50 words and the
notice is to be put in a notice box.                                                                                  4 Marks
ii. Elaboration of notes from the given information/note making from the passage/fill in the
blanks from the given notes/information.                                                                      4 Marks
iii. Letter  writing of 150 words from the information provided in the question paper.
5 Marks
iv. Essay (controlled) with given information about the topic.                                     7 Marks


GRAMMAR;-

  •  Editing/Proof Reading                                                                              ½ x 8 = 4 Marks
  • Rearranging of jumbled sentences                                                              ½ x 6 = 3 Marks
  •  Dialogue                                                                                                         3 Marks
  •  Narration                                                                                                      2 Marks
  •  Models                                                                                                                   1 Mark
  • Articles                                                                                                                1 Mark
  • Paragraph writing with blanks to be filled in with the following                      5 Marks
  • Phrases
  •  Pronouns
  •  Homonyms/homophones
  • Tenses
  • Clauses                                                                                                                    3 Marks
  • Punctuation                                                                                                        ½ x  6 = 3 Marks

                                                                 Scheme of Assessment

Reading Comprehension 20 Marks;-


Writing Skills                                                   20 Marks;-

Literature                                                      35 Marks;-

Grammar                                                     25 Marks5;-

Section: 1 Reading comprehension Marks        20

1. One question shall be asked from poetry portion carrying 6 marks with the following
details.
a) The poem shall be given, followed by its summary with blanks to be filled in by the
students.                                                                                                                     3 Marks
b) Certain poetic expression shall be given and their meaning in the bubbles to be filled in
the table at appropriate places.                                                                                  3 Marks
2. One more question will be asked from the poetry portion carrying five marks with details
given below.
a) A stanza from a poem will be given asking students two question of 2 marks each culled
out from the given stanza.                                                                                      2 x 2 = 4 Marks
b) Words from the stanza asking for their meaning.                                               ½ x 2 = 1 Mark
3. One seen passage from the prescribed textbook shall be given followed by blanks asking
antonyms/ phrases, meaning of difficult words.                                                     ½ x 8 = 4 Marks
4. One unseen passage shall be given followed by five blanks to be filled in with correct answers.
Each blank carrying 1 mark.                                                                                      1 x 5 = 5 Marks
                                                                                                                             Total = 20 marks

Section B (Writing Skill);-

 Section B shall carry 20 marks with the following break-up.

5. Notes for notice board (the material will be given and students shall have to take the information
from the given material. The notice in no case shall exceed 50 words and the notice is to be
put in a box.                                                                                                                   4 Marks

6. Elaboration of notes from the given information/note making from the passage/fill in the blanks
form the given notes/information.                                                                                     4 marks

7. Letter writing of 150 words from the information provided in the question paper.       5 marks

8. Essay (controlled essay) with given information about the topic.                                  7 marks

Section C Literature (Questions from Literature Section shall have internal choice)       Total = 35

9. a)One question shall be asked from prose portion and the question shall carry five marks. The
question shall be purely based on content of prose portion.                                           5 marks

b) One question shall be asked from prose portion with regard to the literary devices (such as
irony, humour, satire, imagery etc.). The question shall carry five marks.                         5 marks

10. Two stanzas or a part of a poem shall be given and the students shall be asked to identify poetic
devices used by the poet. Each question shall carry three marks. (Internal Choice)
                                                                                                                                      2 x 3 = 6 marks
11. A question shall be asked with regard to understanding of a stanza or a part of poem or a poem.
                                                                                                                                             4 marks

12. Two questions shall be  asked from short stories regarding theme/climax/anticlimax/character/
writing work/literary devices etc. and each question shall carry five marks.                  2 x 5 = 10 marks

13. One question shall be asked from play regarding scene, situation, character, humour, irony,
theme, climax, etc. The question shall carry five marks.                                                         1 x 5 marks


  • Section D (Grammar)           25 marks



Editing/proof  reading                                                                                       ½ x 8 = 4 marks
Re-arranging of jumbled sentences                                                                      ½ x 6 = 3 marks
Dialogue                                                                                                                 3  marks
Narration                                                                                                                   2  marks
Modals                                                                                                                  ½ x  2= 1 mark
Articles                                                                                                               ½ x  2= 1 mark
Paragraph writing with blanks to be filled in with                                                    5 marks
a) phrases
b) Pronouns
c) Homonyms/Homophones
d) Tenses
Clauses                                                                                                                       3  marks
Punctuation                                                                                                    ½ x  6 = 3 marks






                                                                       



                                                                       MATHEMATICS
                    AIMS
                     The following are the aims that describe the educational purpose of a course in Mathematics at the
secondary stage.
To enable students to :
1. Develop their mathematical knowledge and skill in a way which encourages confidence and
provides satisfaction and enjoyment.
2. Read mathematics and write and talk about the subject in a variety of ways.
3. Develop a feel for number, carry out calculations and understand the significance of the results
obtained;
4. Apply mathematics in everyday situations and develop an understanding of the part which
mathematics plays in the world around them,
5. Solve problems, present solutions clearly, check and interpret the results.
6. Develop an understanding of mathematical principles.
7. Recognize when and how a mathematical situation may be represented mathematically, identify
and interpret relevant factors and where necessary select an appropriate mathematical method
to solve the problem.
8. Use mathematics as a means of communication with emphasis on the use of clear expression.
9. Develop an ability to apply mathematics in other subjects particularly science.
10. Develop abilities to reason logically to classify to generalize and prove.
11. Appreciate patterns and relationships in mathematics.
12. Produce and appreciate imaginative and creative work arising from mathematical ideas.
13. Develop their mathematical abilities by considering problems and conducting individual and
cooperative enquiry and experiment, including extend pieces of work of practical and investigative
nature.
14. Appreciate the inter dependence of different branches of mathematics.
15. Acquire a foundation appropriate to their further study of mathematics of other disciplines.
DOMAINS
The abilities to be assessed in Secondary school Examination shall cover a single domain, technique
with application.
Techniques with application
The Examination will test the ability of the students to :
1. Organize, interpret and present information accurately in written tabular graphical and
diagrammatic forms.
2. Perform calculations by suitable methods.
3. Understand system of measurement in everyday use and make use of them in the solution of
problems8
4. Estimate approximate and works to degree of accuracy appropriate to the contents
5. Use mathematical and other instruments to measure and to draw to an acceptable degree of
accuracy.
6. Interpret, transform and make appropriate use of mathematical statements expressed in words
or symbols.
7. Recognize and use spatial relationships in two dimensions particularly in solving problems.
8. Recall, apply and interpret mathematical knowledge in the context of everday situations
9. Make logical deductions from a given mathematical data.
10. Recognize patterns and structure in a variety of situations and form generalizations
11. Analyse a problem select a suitable strategy and apply an appropriate technique to obtain it’s
solutions.
12. Apply combinations of mathematical skills and techniques in solving problems.
13. Set out mathematical works including the solutions of problems in a logical and clear form
using appropriate symbols and terminology.
                                                                         Mathematics
Total Marks 100                                                                                                      Time 3 Hours

S.No                                                                        Units Marks
1. Number Systems                                                               10
2. Algebra                                                                              8
3. Polynomials and Quadratic Equations                               17
4. Geometry                                                                           29
5. Co-ordinate Geometry                                                         8
6. Trigonometry                                                                      15
7. Mensuration                                                                         8
8. Probability                                                                           5

UNIT WISE WEIGHTAGE

Unit I: Number system Marks                                               05
Real Numbers
Euclids division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic Statements after reviewing work done
earlier and after illustrating through examples. Proofs of results irrationality of 2, 3, 5 decimal
expansion of rational numbers in terms of terminating/non terminating recurring decimals.
Arithmetic Progression                                                              Mark 05
Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression, Derivation of standard results of finding the nth
term and sum of first n terms.9

Unit II : Algebra

Pair of linear equations in two variables                                 Mark 08
Pair of Linear Equation in two variables, Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solutions of
pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically-by substitution, by elimination and by cross
multiplication. Simple situational problems may be included, Simple problems on equations reducible
to linear equation may be included.

Unit III : Polynomials and Quadratic equation

Polynomials                                                                              Mark 05
Zeroes of a Polynomial, Relationship between zeroes and coefficients of polynomial with particular
reference to quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for
polynomials with real coefficients.
Quadratic Equations Mark 12
Standard form of Quadratic equation ax
2
+ bx + c = 0, (a  ≠ c), solution of quadratic equation (only
real roots) by factorization and   by using quadratic formulas, Relationship between discriminant and
nature of roots. Problems related to day to day activities to be incorporated.

Unit IV: Geometry                                                                    Marks  12

Triangles
Definitions, examples counter examples of similar triangles
1. (Prove) : If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in
distinct points the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
2. (Motivate) : If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio,  the lines is parallel to
third side.
3. (Motivate) : If in two triangles the corresponding angles are equal,  their corresponding sides
are proportional and the triangle are similar.
4. (Motivate) : If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding
angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.
5. (Motivate) : If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides
including these angles are proportional the two triangles are similar.
6. (Motivate) : If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle to the hypotenuse,
the triangle on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.
7. (Prove) : The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratios of the squares on
their corresponding sides.
8. (Prove) : In a right triangle the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on
the other two sides.
9. (Prove) : In a triangle if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the two sides,
the angles opposite to the first side is a right triangle.

Circles                                                                              Marks 09

Tangents to a circle motivated by chords drawn from points coming closer and closer to the point.
1. Prove : The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of
contact.
2. Prove : The length of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.10

Constructions:                                                                       Marks 08

1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally)
2. Tangent to a circle from a point outside it.
3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.

Unit V : Co-ordinate Geometry                                            Marks 08

Lines (in two dimensions)
Review the concepts of co-ordinate geometry done earlier including graphs of linear equations.
Awareness of geometrical representation of quadratic equations polynomials. Distance between two
points and section formula (internal). Area of a triangle.
Unit VI     Trigonometry                                                      Marks 15

1. Introduction to Trigonometry
Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well
defined); motivate the ratios, whichever are defined at 0° and 9°. Values (with proofs) of the
trigonometric ratios of 30°, 45° and 60°. Relationship between the ratios.
Trigonometric indentities. Proofs and applications of the identitiy Sin
2
A+Cos
2
 A=1, Only simple
identities to be given. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.
2. Heights and distances
Simple and believable problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than
two right triangles. Angle of elevation/depression should be only 30°, 45°, 60°.

Unit VII : Mensuration                                                                     Mark 08

Surface Areas and volumes
1. Problems on finding Surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following
cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.
2. Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems.
(Problems with combination of not more that two different solids be taken.

Unit VIII. Probability                                                                       Mark 05

History, Repeated experiments and observed frequency approach to probability. Focus is on empirical
probability.
Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on single even,  not using set rotation.

Scheme of Assessment Question Marks
Long Answer Type questions (with internal choice)                              4Q x 7 28 Marks
Long Answer Type questions (with internal choice)                              6Q x 6 36 Marks
ShorAnswer type questions (no internal choice)                                   6Q x 4 24 Marks
Very Short answer type questions (no Internal choice)                           3Q x 2 6 Marks
Multiple choice questions/objectives                                                    6Q x 1 6 Marks
                                                                                                             Total = 100 Marks



                                                                 SOCIAL SCIENCE
Max Marks : 100                                                                                                      Time 3 hours
SECTION-1 (HISTORY)
Weightage                                40 marks
Units Marks
i) Imperialism                                                    10
ii) British Rule                                                  10
iii) India’s Struggle for Freedom                      10
iv) Gandhian Phase                                           10
HISTORY
Marks : 40                                                    10 Marks
Unit-I : Imperialism

(i) Imperialism :- Meaning, Causes and its impact on Asia and Africa.
(ii) The First world war :- Causes, Events and Consequences.
(iii) The Russian Revolution :- Causes and Impact
(iv) Fascism in Italy and Nazism in Germany
(v) The II
nd
 world war : Cause and Consequences.
(vi) Chinese  Revolution : Significance.
Unit II : British Rule 10 Marks
(i) British Rule and its impact on India
(ii) Socio-Religious Reform Movements.
Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Rama Krishna Mission, Aligarh
Movement and Deoband Movement.
(iii) Growth of Education.
(iv) Growth  of Press in the 19th century


Unit III : India’s Struggle for Freedom 10 Marks
(i) Revolt of 1857-Causes and Effects.
(ii) Rise of National Movement-Factors.
(iii) Formation of the Indian National Congress in 1885 and Role of Moderates.
(iv) Factors  Leading to the rise of Extremism in the Congress with special reference to the
Partition of Bengal.
(v) Boycott and Swadeshi Movement.
(vi) Rise  of Muslim League in 1906 : Cause.13
Unit IV : Gandhian Phase 10 Marks
(i) Jallianwalla Bagh
(ii) Khilafat Movement and the Non-Cooperation Movement.
(iii) From Swaraj  to the Independence Movement.
(iv) Civil Disobedience Movement.
(v) Quit India Movement.
(vi) Independence and Partition of India.


SECTION II



                                                                                     CIVICS
AIMS :
1. To promote desire to participate in community affairs.
2. To understand the structure of different civic and political Institutions.
3. To encourage a critical awareness of social, economic and political arrangements and their
effects.
                      DOMAINS

Candidates should be able to :
1. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of
(a) Factual information
(b) Concepts and terminology.
2. Demonstrate the ability to –
(a) Understand and apply concepts.
(b) Distinguish between facts and values and identify slanted values and bias.
3. Demonstrate the ability to present explanations, Ideas and arguments in a coherent, logical and
balanced form.

CIVICS
                                                                                                                    Marks : 20
Unit  I and 2:                                                                                                      8 Marks
Unit 1. Democracy
1.1 Origin of democracy
1.2 Types
1.2.1 Direct  democracy
1.2.2 Indirect democracy
1.3 Hindrance to democracy
1.4 Public opinion

Unit 2. Elections

2.1 Representation
2.2 Franchise14
2.3 Secret Ballot
2.4 Candidates
2.5 Nomination
2.6 Symbol
2.7 The Campaign
2.8 The majority
2.9 Presidential elections
Unit 3 and 4                                                                                                            6 Marks

Unit 3. Political Parties

3.1 Functions
3.2 Types
3.3 Party System
3.3.1 The  multi-party system
3.3.2 Major parties
3.3.3 Opposition

Unit 4. Our Nation and Society

4.1 The Indian Society
4.1.1 Languages
4.1.2 Cities and villages

Unit 5. Problems of Indian Democracy                                                                    3 Marks

5.1 Communalism
5.2 Casteism and Untouchability
5.3 Inequality of women
5.4 Economic inequality

Unit 6. India and the world                                                                                          3 Marks

6.1 The United Nations
6.2 Non-alignment
6.3 India’s relations with her Neighbours

   Section III
                                            GEOGRAPHY
AIMS
The aims are to encourage students to develop

1. A sense of place and an understanding of relative location on a local regional and global scale.
2. An awareness of the characteristic and distribution of a selection of contrasting physical and
human environments.15
3. An understanding of the processes effecting the development of such environments.
4. An understanding of the spatial effects of the ways in which people interact with each other
and with their environments.
5. An understanding of different communities and culture throughout the world and an awareness
of the constraints presented by different environments.

                                          DOMAINS
The four domains in geography are :
(a) Knowledge with understanding.
(b) Analysis.
(c) Judgment and decision making.
(d) Investigation (enquiry skills, practical skills and presentation skills). A description of each
domain follows.
(a) Knowledge with understanding
Student should be able to demonstrate an understanding of
1. The wide range of processes including human actions contributing to the development of :
(a) Physical, economic, social, political and cultural environments and their associated effects
on the landscape.
(b) Spatial patterns and interactions which are important within such environment.
2. The inter-relationships between people’s activities and the total environments and an ability to
seek explanations for them.
3. The importance of scale (whether local, regional or global) and the time at which spatial
distributions and the working of systems are considered.
4. The change which occur through time in places and spatial distribution.
(b) Analysis
Student should be able to :-
5. Select, organize, present and interpret geographical data.
6. Use and apply geographical knowledge and understanding on verbal numerical, diagrammatic,
pictorial and graphical form.
7. Use geographical data to recognize patterns in such data and to deduce relationships.
(c) Judgment and Decision Making
Through their geographical training students should be able to
8. Reason, make judgements (including evaluation and conclusions) which demonstrate, where
appropriate
(a) a sensitivity to and a concern for, landscape and the environment.
(b) An aesthetic appreciation of the earth including its people, places, landscapes, natural
processes and phenomena.
(c) An appreciation of the attitudes, values and beliefs of other in cultural, economic,16
environmental, political and social issues which have a geographical dimensions.
(d) An awareness or the contrasting opportunities and constraints of people living in different
places and under different physical and human conditions.
(e) A willingness to review their own attitude in the light of a new context as affected by
9. Recognize the role of decision making within a geographical context as affected by
(a) the physical and human context in which decision are made.
(b) the values and perceptions of groups or individual.
(c) the choice available to decision making and the influences and constraints with in which
they operate.
(d) Investigations (Enquiry, Practical and Presentation skills)
Students will be expected to demonstrate the ability to the following.
10. Select and use suitable basic techniques for observing, collecting, classifying, presenting analyzing
and interpreting data.
11. Use a variety of sources for obtaining information including
(a) Maps and plans at a variety of scale.
(b) Audiovisual materials such as pictures, photographs, film, television and radio.
(c) Documentary materials such as books, newspaper and magazines.
(d) Statistics.
12. Depict information in a simple map and diagrammatic form.
13. Select use and present geographical information in an appropriate form and an effective manner.
                                                                                      GEOGRAPHY
                                     Marks : 40
                          Distribution of Marks
Units Marks
01 and 02                                                       11
03                                                                    08
04                                                                    08
05                                                                      07
06                                                                      06
                                                                  Total 40

UNIT 01 : Our Resources 11 Marks for Unit I&II

1.1 Types of Resources.
1.1.1 Natural  and Man-made resources
1.1.2 Renewable  & Non-renewable resources
1.2 Resouces Development Renewing & developing
1.3 Resource Planning17
1.4 Conservation of Resources
1.5 Land Resources

2. Soil :

2.1 Composition of Soil
2.2 Formation of Soil : Factors responsible for formation of soil
2.3 Profile of soil
2.4 Different horizons of soil and their characteristics
2.5 Different types of soil (with special reference to soil types found in J&K)
2.6 Soil Erosion
2.7 Factors responsible for erosion of soil
2.8 Measures for preventing soil erosion

3. Land utilization

3.1 Land Degradation
3.2 Conservation of Land
Unit 02 : Forest and Water Resources

4. Forest

4.1 Types of forests (with special reference of J&K State)
4.2 Conservation and protection of forests.'

5. Wildlife

5.1 Naional parks and wildlife sanctuaries (Reference of J&K Sanctuaries and National Parks)
5.2 Conservation of wildlife

6. Water

6.1 Water resources
6.2 Sources of water (with special reference to J&K state)
6.3 Uses of water resources
6.4 Multipurpose River Valley projects-with special reference to J&K State
6.5 Distribution of irrigated Areas
6.6 Growing need for water
6.7 Conservation and management of water resources
6.8 Watershed development
6.9 Rainwater Harvesting

7. Agriculture

7.1 Land under Agriculture
7.2 Macro features of Indian Agriculture
Types of farming
7.2.1 Subsistence farming
7.2.2 Shifting Agriculture18
7.2.3 Plantation Agriculture
7.2.4 Intensive fringing
7.3 Major crops and their varieties (reference to J&K state)
7.4 Cereals-Rice, Wheat, Millets, Maize.
7.5 Pulses and oilseed–Pulses, Oilseeds.
7.6 Fibre crops
7.7 Beverage crops
7.8 Cash crops–Sugarcane Rubber, Tobacco, Spices, fruits including dry fruits, fresh fruits and
saffron of J&K State
7.9 Animal Husbandry (also J&K livestock statistics)
7.10 Fishries
7.11 Technological and institutional reforms
7.12 Food security
7.13 Globalization and its impact on Indian Agriculture


8. Mineral and Energy Resources

8.1 Types of Minerals
8.2 Distribution of Minerals-Iron ore, Manganese ore, Copper, Lead, Bauxite, Mica, Limestone
with special reference to J&K State
8.3 Conservation of Minerals
8.4 Energy Resources
8.5 Conventional Sources of Energy- Coal, Petroleum, Natural Gas, Electricity, Hydro Electricity,
Nuclear Electricity
8.6 Non-conventional sources of Energy-Solar Energy, Biogas
8.7 Conservation of Energy Resources

9. Manufacturing Industries

9.1 Classification of  Iindustries
9.2 Agro-based Industries–Cotton Textiles, Jute Textiles, Woolen Textiles, Silk Textiles
9.3 Mineral Based Industries–Iron & Steel Industries, Aluminium Smelting, Copper Smelting.
9.4 Transport Equipment Industries
9.5 Electronic Industries
9.6 Measures to control environmental degradation

10. Transport, Communication and Trade :

10.1 Transport
10.2 Roads (Different routes  of J&K State)19
10.3 Railways (with reference  to J&K State)
10.4 Communications
10.5 International Trade

Project Activities/Survey and Brief Report :-

  • Sources of water in the locality and pollution (based on secondary source of information)
  • Various irrigation practices in the village and the change in cropping pattern of the land during

the past decade.
Note:- Any one activity is to be undertaken

  •  Depletion of forests and the green house effect.
  • Depletion of forests and ecological imbalance.
  • Pollution of water in the locality.

Learning Outcome :

This unit of Geography will enable the learners to
(i) Understand the value of resources and the need for their judicious utilization and
conservation.
(ii) Understand the importance of forests and wildlife in our environment as well as develop
concern towards depletion of resources.
(iii) Identify  various types of farming and discuss the farming methods.
(iv) Describe the spatial distribution of major crops as well as understand the relations between
rainfall regimes and cropping pattern.
(v) Explain various government policies for institutional as well as technological reforms
since independence.
(vi) Understand the importance of agriculture in national economy.
(vii) Understand the importance of water as a resource as well as develop awareness towards
its judicious use and conservation.
(viii) Discuss  the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the
regional disparities which resulted due to concentration of industries in some areas.
(ix) Explain the importance of transport and communication in the ever shrinking world.
(x) Understand the role of trade in the economic development of a country and analyse the
changing patterns.
Books Prescribed :
(i) Story of civilization Vol. II
(ii) Geography for class X.
(iii) We and our Govt.
Published by Jammu & Kashmir State Board of School Education

                                                         

                                                               Course Work
                                                                        in
                                                           History and Civics
                                                     School Based Assessment
                                                                    Under

                                    Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation
While the unit test and term test conducted by the schools under the schemes of Continuous
and Comprehensive Evaluation are for test-wise-ness and coaching for the Board Examination. The
Course work component has been designed to provide schools with alternative means of assessment
of those objectives which can’t be tested through timed written paper. It is also to allow students
to study a topic/theme form out of the syllabus contents of history and civics work on it to produce
an essay/a report of 600-1000 words.
Note :- (i) Private students are exempted from undertaking course work.
(ii) The grades awarded to regular students who failed in social science shall be carried
forward, while appearing afresh in the subject to pass the subject.
Assessment of Board Examination
There shall be one question paper of 100 marks containing three sections viz. Section I based
on syllabus of History, Section II based on the syllabus of civics and section III based on the
syllabus of Geography having a weightage of 100 marks in total 3 hrs duration with 10 minutes extra
for comprehension.
Section I (History) : 40 Marks
Section II (Civics) : 20 Marks
Section III (Geography) : 40 Marks
Scheme of Assessment
(i) No of 8-marks questions (with internal choice) 5Qx8M=40 Marks
(ii) No of 4 marks questions (with internal choice) 10Qx4M=40 Marks
(iii) No. of 2  marks questions short answer question 5Qx2M=10 Marks
(iv) No. of  1 mark Multiple/objective type questions 10Qx1M=10 marks
(Note : Paper setter shall set 40% questions from History, 40% questions from Geography and 20%
questions from Civics.)




                                                                                        SCIENCE
AIMS
The aims are to :
1. Provide, through well designed studies of the experimental and practical science, a worthwhile
educational experience for all students, whether or not they intend to go on to study science
beyond the secondary stage and in particular, to enable them to acquire sufficient understanding
and knowledge to.
1.1 become confident citizens in a technological world, and to take interest in matters of scientific
importance.
1.2 Recognize the usefulness and limitations of scientific method and to appreciate its applicability
in other disciplines and in everyday life.
1.3 Be suitably prepared for studies beyond the secondary stage in pure sciences or in applied
sciences or in science-dependent course.
2. Develop abilities and skills that :
1.1 are relevant to the study and practice of science
1.2 are useful in everyday life.
1.3 encourage efficient and safe practice.
1.4 encourage effective communication
3. Develop Attitude relevant to science such as :
3.1 concern for accuracy and precision
3.2 objectivity
3.3 integrity
3.4 enquiry
3.5 initiative
3.6 inventiveness
4. Stimulate interest in and care for the environment
5. Promote an awareness that :
5.1 Scientific theories and methods have developed and continue to do so as a result of cooperative activities of groups and individuals.
5.2 The study and practice of science are subject to social, economic, technological ethical and
cultural influences and limitations.
5.3 The application of science may be both beneficial and detrimental to the individual, the
community and the environment.
5.4 Science transcends national boundaries and that the language of science, correctly and rigorously
applied is universal

                 Domains
The three domains in Science (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) are :

(a) Knowledge with understanding.22
(b) Handling information and solving problems.
(c) Experimental skills and investigations.
Description of each domain is given below.
(a) Knowledge with understanding
1. Scientific phenomena, facts, laws, definitions, concepts, theories.
2. Scientific vocabulary, terminology, conventions (including symbols, quantities and units)
3. Scientific instruments and apparatus including techniques of operation and aspects of safety.
4. Scientific quantities and their determination.
5. Scientific and technological applications with their social, economic and environmental
implications.
The curriculum objectives define the factual material that candidates may be required to recall and
explain. Questions testing these objectives will often begin with one of the following words : define,
state, describe, explain or outline etc.
(b) Handling Information and Solving Problems
Students should be able, in words or using other written forms of presentation (i.e. symbolic,
graphical and numerical)
1. locate, select, organise and present information from a variety of sources;
2. translate information from one to another;
3. manipulate numerical and other data;
4. use information to identify patterns, report trends and draw inferences;
5. present reasoned explanations for phenomena, patterns and relationships;
6. make predictions and hypotheses;
7. solve problems;
These skills cannot be precisely specified in the curriculum objectives because question
testing such skills are often based on information which is unfamiliar to the candidate. In answering
such question, candidates are required to use principles and concepts that are within the syllabus and
apply them in a logical, deductive manner to a novel situation.
Question testing these skills will often being with one of the following words: Discuss,
predict, suggest, calculate or determine etc.
(c) Experimental Skills and Investigations
Students should be able to
1. use techniques, apparatus and materials
2. make and record observations, measurements and estimates;
3. interpret and evaluate experimental observations and date;
4. plan, investigate and/or evaluate methods and suggest possible improvements (including
the selection of techniques, apparatus and materials).23

                                                SCIENCE
Theory Marks: 84 (Physics + Chemistry + Biology : 28+28+28) Time allotted : 3 hrs
Practical : 16
Section-I (Physics) Marks 28
Max. Marks 100
Unit 1 :- Light - Reflection and Refraction Marks 10
O Reflection of light, spherical minors; Image formation; uses of spherical mirrors.
O Sign conventions for spherical mirrors; relation between focal length and radius of curvature;
mirror formula (only relation) (Numerical Problems); magnification.
O Refraction of light, refraction through a glass slab, refractive index, Conditions for no refraction.
O Spherical lenses, image formation, sign conventions, lens formula (only relation) (Numerical
Problems), Magnification (Numerical Problems), Power of a lens (Numerical Problems)
Unit 2 :- The Human Eye and the Colorful World Marks 05
O Human eye; power of accommodation; defects of vision and their correction.
O Glass prism (refraction and dispersion).
O Atmospheric refraction - twinkling of stars and color of sun at sunrise and sunset.
Unit 3 :- Electricity Marks 06
O Concept of electric charge;
O Electric current ; electric potential and potential difference;
O Ohm’s law  and experimental verification ; resistance and its dependence; combination of
resistances (in series and in parallel) (Numerical Problems)
O Heating effect of current - Electric power and energy (Numerical Problems)
Unit 4 :- Magnetic Effects of Current Marks 04
O Orested Experiment ; Magnetic field and field lines.
O Magnetic field due to a current carrying current-Straight, coil (loop) and solenoid (qualitative
only).
O Force on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field.
O Electric Motor; Domestic electric circuits.
Unit-5:- Sources of Energy Marks 03
O Various sources of energy; conventional sources of energy ; improvement in technology for
using conventional source of energy (Biomass and wind energy).
O Non-conventional sources of energy (Solar energy, Energy from sea).
O Nuclear energy (Nuclear fusion and nuclear fission).
O Lasting of energy sources.24
Section-II (Chemistry)
Marks 28
Unit 1:- Chemical Reactions and Equation Marks 05
O Chemical equation, writing of chemical equation; Balancing chemical equations.
O Types of chemical reactions; viz. Combination reactions; Decomposition reactions; Displacement
reactions; Double displacement reactions; Oxidation and reduction.
O Effects of oxidation and reduction reactions in everyday life, viz, corrosion and rancidity.
Unit 2 :- Periodic Classification of Eements Marks 04
O Early attempts regarding classification of elements; like Dobereiner’s triads, Newland’s law of
octaves (non evaluating)
O Mandeleev’s periodic table, its achievements and limitations.
O Modern periodic table; position of elements, trends in modem periodic table viz. Valency,
Atomic size, Metallic and non-metallic properties.
Unit 3 :- Carbon and its Compounds Marks 08
O Bonding in Carbon, Covalent bond, Allotropes of carbon;
O Versatile nature of carbon; Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons; chains; branches and rings;
homologous series and its characteristics; nomenclature of Carbon compounds.
O Chemical properties of carbon compounds viz. combustion; oxidation; addition and substitution
reactions.
O Important Carbon compounds like Ethane and Ethanoic acid. Properties of Ethanol and Ethanoic
acid.
O Soaps and Detergents.
Unit 4 :- Metals and Non-metals Marks 06
O Physical properties of metals and non-metals.
O Chemical properties of metals like action of water, air, acids, salts; Reactivity series of metals.
O Cause of reactivity of metals and non-metals. Properties of Ionic compounds.
O Occurrence of metals; their extraction, enrichment of ores. Extraction of metals in accordance
with activity series; refining of metals.
O Corrosion of metals and its prevention.
Unit 5 :- Acids, Bases and Salts Marks 05
O Idea about acids and bases; chemical properties of acids and bases viz. Action of metals, metal
carbonates, metal hydrogen carbonates (only in case of acids), metallic acids; non-metallic
acids and bases.
O Similarities in acids and bases; reaction of acids and bases with water.
O Strength of acids and base solutions; pH and its importance.
O Idea of salts, their family and pH. Chemicals from common salts like Sodium hydroxide,
Baking soda and Washing soda; Hydrated salts, plaster of Paris.25
Section-III (Biology)
Marks 28
Unit I :- Life Processes Marks 6
O What are life processes?
O Nutrition—Autotrophic Nutrition, Heterotrophic Nutrition. How do animals obtain their nutrition?
Nutrition in Human beings.
O Respiration.
O Transportation : Transportation in Plants.
O Excretion : Excretion in Human beings, Excretion in Plants.
Unit II:- Control and Co-ordination Marks 5
O Animals—Nervous System, What happens in Reflex Action? Human Brain, How are these
tissues protected? How does Nervous tissue cause action?
O Coordination in Plants, immediate response to stimulus, movements due to growth.
O Hormones in Animals.
Unit III :- How do Organisms Reproduce? Marks 5
O Do organisms create exact copies of themselves? The importance of variation.
O Modes of reproduction used by unicellular organisms. Fission, Fragmentation, Regeneration,
Vegetative Propagation, Budding, Spore Formation.
O Sexual Reproduction: Why the sexual mode of reproduction? Sexual reproduction in flowering
plants. Reproduction in human Beings. Male Reproductive System, Female Reproductive System.
What happens when the egg is not fertilized? Reproductive Health.
Unit IV :- Heredity and Genetics Marks 4
O Accumulation of variation during reproduction.
O Heredity : Inherited traits, Rules for the interitance of traits, Mendel’s contributions. How do
these traits get expressed? Sex determination.
O Acquired and Inherited traits.
O Speciation.
O Classification, tracing evolutionary relationships, fossils, evolution by stages, Evolution should
not be equated with progress.
Unit V:- Our Environment Marks 4
O What happens when we add our waste to the Environment?
O Ecosystem —What are its components? Food chains and Webs.
O How do our activities effect the environment? Ozone layer and how it is getting depleted.
Managing the garbage we produce.26
Unit VI: Management of Natural Resources Marks 4
O Why do we need to Manage our Resources?
O Forests and Wild life, Stake holders, Sustainable Management, Dams, Water harvesting. Coal
and Petroleum.
O An overview of Natural Resources Management.
PRACTICAL WORK
List of Practicals
Section-I
(PHYSICS)
Section 1
1. Verify the laws of reflection using mirror strips
2. Verify the laws of refraction using glass slab, and find the refractive index of the material.
3. Show that the image is as far behind the plane mirror as the object is in front of it.
4. Trace the path of rays through a glass prism and measure the angle of deviation. (2 obs.)
5. Using a glass prism, Prove that ∠i + ∠e = ∠A +  ∠d
6. Find the focal length of convex mirror using the candle, wire gauge and screen.
7. Trace the path of a ray of light through a glass slab and show that the angle of incidence is
equal to the angle of emergence.
8. Verify Ohm’s law (2 obs.)
9. Prepare an electromagnet and observe the relation between the direction of current and polarity
of the electromagnet.
10. Draw the magnetic lines for a bar magnet using a compass needle.
Project work
1. To construct an Astronomical Telescope using two convex lenses.
2. Prepare a model showing the production of thermo electric energy.
3. To generate wind energy using a wind mill.
4. Prepare an electromagnet.
5. To prepare a model to demonstrate Orested experiment.
Section-II
(CHEMISTRY)
1. Determine the pH of water obtained from different sources (at least four)
2. Determine the pH of juice obtained from different fruits.
3. Simple volumetric acid-base titrations.
4. Preparation of soap.
5. Preparation of hydrogen gas by the action of dil. Sulphuric acid oil and study the properties.
6. To test to conductivity of various salt solutions.27
Project work
1. Make a list that contains
Five elements in the free state and
Five elements in the combined state.
2. To frame modern periodic table.
3. To make models of alkanes.
Section-III
(BIOLOGY)
Biology (Section III)
1 Identification of organs through charts/Models of the following
a. Digestive system in humans
b. Circulatory system in humans
c. Nervous system in human beings
d. Respiratory system in human beings
2. To study the reproductive organs of a flower.
3. To measure the body temperature and observe pulse rate.
4. To measure the blood pressure using sphagnometer.
5. To show that green plants synthesize carbohydrates.
6. To prepare and study the temporary mount of Lactobacillus.
7. To study the microorganisms in stagnant water under microscope.
8. To study Mendelian ratios using pea seeds.
Project work
a. Preparation of vermicompositing (earthworms).
b. Making a herbarium (At least 10 aquatic and 10 terrestrial plants).
c. Effects of water pollution
Or
Air pollution
Or
Noise pollution
COURSE WORK
(SCIENCE)
School based assessment under (Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation):
While unit tests and term tests to be conducted by the schools under the scheme of Continuous
and Comprehensive Evaluation are for Testing and coaching for the Board Examination, the course
work component has been designed to provide a Frame work to create scientific temper amongst the
students by developing in them attitudes relevant to science like.
1. Concern for accuracy and precision
2. Objectivity28
3. Integrity
4. Enquiry
5. Initiatives and
6. Inventiveness
The course work allows particular emphasis on ‘Practical work’ and Experimental skills as
identified in Domain ‘C’ on page under Aims of science.
In order to develop and assess these skills students may be asked to carry out atleast two
exercises / assignments / project work on the themes drawn from the syllabi for Physics, Chemistry
and Biology exercise given under assessment of course work.
The assessment in grade is to be communicated to the Board as per guidelines laid down in
the Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation Scheme and directions given by the Board from time to
time.
Note: While the themes for course may be drawn from the syllabi, some of the themes are given
for guidance.
1. To demonstrate propagation of waves through
(i) Stretched rope
(ii) Water surface, and
(iii) Slinky.
2. To determine distance of distinct vision.
3. To construct simple working models of microscope and telescope.
4. To measure and record (tabulation) temperature of different metal placed in the sun and interpret
the experimental data.
5. Construct a model of a solar cooker using aluminum foil as a concave reflector (or any other
suitable reflecting surface) and demonstrate its use.
6. Construct a model of windmill and show its usage or develop a working model using
unconventional source of energy and show its usage in day-today life.
7. Measure the temperature of four different substances (sand, saw dust, wheat, floury charcoal
powder or any metal powder) given to you keep the materials in Sun for ten minutes then
record their temperatures. List the materials in descending order of their temperatures.
8. Take a beaker half filled with water and a solar cooker (or any other improvised model of the
solar cooker) containing some water and measure the initial temperature of water in beaker and
water in solar cooker. Then keep them in sun light for about 10 minutes. Measure the final
temperature of both Record the difference. Draw your own conclusions.
9. To collect different samples of water from different sources and to test them with soap solution
to identify them as hard and soft water.
10. To remove temporary hardness of water by boiling.
11. To show the presence of:
(i) Water vapour.
(ii) Dust particles and
(iii) Carbon  dioxide atmosphere.
12. To identify the product of combustion of different kinds of fuels.29
13. To find what happens to iron in presence of air and water and identify the conditions under
which iron can be protected from rusting.
14. Study of cell division stage from permanent slides or from tip of shoot an root.
15. To show that Light is necessary for photosynthesis.
16. To show oxygen evolves during photosynthesis.
17. Study of micro organism in pond/sewer water under the microscope.
18. Study of curd (for bacteria) under the microscope.
19. To show that green plants synthesis carbohydrates.
20. You are given a weighed mass of a fresh plant material. Dry the plant in oven and calculate
the percentage of water content in the given sample.
Note:
1. Private students are exempted from undertaking course work.
2. Grade awarded to candidates appearing under exemption category (students who appeared as
regular student but failed), shall be carried forward.
ASSESSMENT
A. (Board Examination)
1. Theory
In theory the subject shall have 84 marks spread over one single question Paper containing
three sections, viz. Section 1 based on the syllabus of Physics and Section-11 based on the syllabus
of Chemistry and Section III based on the syllabus of Biology having a weightage of 84 marks and
3 hours duration with 10 minutes extra for comprehension.
Section I (Physics) : 28 marks
Section II (Chemistry) : 28 marks
Section III (Biology) : 28 marks
Each section shall contain
(i) Three long-answer questions with internal choice each of 6 marks 3 x 6 = 18 marks
(ii) 9 short-answer questions with internal choice each of 4 marks 9 x 4 = 36 marks
(iii) 9 very short answer questions each of 02 marks 9 x 2 = 18 marks
(iv) 12 multiple choice items each of 01 mark 12 x 1 = 12 marks
Total marks for Physics, Chemistry and Biology Sections : 84 marks
II. Practicals
There shall be one practical paper of 16 marks and 3 hours duration containing three sectionsone each for assessing practical skill in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Each section will contain
2 practical / exercises and every student shall be required to do one practical / exercise from each
section. Each practical / exercise in each of the section shall he of 4 marks.
(A) The experimental skills underlying each practical/exercise are to be assessed in the following
manner,
(i) Using and organizing techniques, apparatus & materials. 01 mark
(ii) Handling experimental observations and data (Calculation / result) 10 marks
(iii) Interpretation/ Inferences 01 mark30
(B) Viva-Voce: 02 marks
For Viva-voce only such Questions are based on the practical (s) exercise(s). The student attempts
may be asked. The questions asked should pertain to Concepts/Formulas/Principles/procedure of experiment,
precautions etc.
(C) Note book/Practical record: 02 marks
Marks are to be awarded on the basis of regularity in submitting the record work; Number of
practicals recorded; general neatness; recording experiments in proper manner.
Total marks: 12 + 02 + 02 = 16 marks
(B) School based Assessment (Course work/Assignment/Project work):
Every student shall have to work on at least one piece of work of his/her choice during the
academic session. The course work shall be assessed internally by the Schools themselves and the
grades awarded to each candidate shall be communicated to the Board. -
Book Prescribed:
A Textbook of Science for Class X Published by J&K State Board of School Education




                                                                          COMPUTER SCIENCE
CLASS-X
                                      Maximum : 100 Marks
                                          Theory : 40 Marks
                                         Practical : 60 Marks
                                                                                                                                Time : 1 Hour
Unit I : IT Basics
Unit II : IT Tools
MS Access
Unit III : IT Tools
HTML
Unit IV : IT Applications
Unit – I: IT Basics
Internet World Wide Web, Web Servers, Web Browsers, HTML, Web address, e-mail address,
URL, HTTP.
Services available on Internet: Information retrieval, Electronic Mails, Locating sites using
search engines and finding people on the net, Chat, Video Conferencing, FTP, downloading and
Uploading files from or to remote site, Newsgroup.
UNIT-II: IT TOOLS
MS-Access
Basic concepts and need for a database. Creating a database, Setting the Primary Key Inserting
data into a database, Inserting and deleting fields. Inserting and deleting Records, Data Validation:
Field Size, Default Value, Validation Rule, Validation Text, Required, Allow zero length.
UNIT-III: HYPER TEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE
Basic Concept of Web Browsers with emphasis on popular browsers, Internet Explorer and
Netscape navigator.
HTML Fundamentals:
Introduction to Web Page Designing using HTML, Creating and saving an HTML document,
elements in HTML container and Empty elements, Designing Web pages using the following elements
HTML, HEAD, TITLE, BODY (Attributes: BACKGROUND, BGCOLOR, TEXT, LINK,
ALINK, VLINK, LEFTMARGIN, TOPMARGEN), FONT (Attributes: COLOR, SIZE, FACE),
BASEFONT (Attributes: COLOR, SIZE. FACE), CENTER, BR (Break), HR. (Horizontal Rule.
Attributes: SIZE, WIDTH. ALIGN, NOSHADE, COLOR), COMMENTS; for com-ments, H1..H6
(Heading), P (Paragraph), B (Bold), I (Italics), U (Underline), UL & OL (unordered List & Ordered
List Attributes: TYPE, START, LI (List Item), Insertion of images using the element 1MG (Attributes:
SRC, WIDTH, HEIGHT, ALT, ALIGN)
Internal and External Linking between Web pages: Significance of linking, A-Element
(Attributes: NAME, HREF, TITLE, ALT’32
UNIT 1V: IT APPLICATIONS

Students are suggested to work on the following areas using Access and HTML on topics
implementing the tools covered in the course.
Domains:
Database
Personal Data Management System
Employee Payroll
Stock Inventory
Website Designing
Travel and Tourism
Rule India
Environment and Pollution.
Note:
1. Teachers are requested to demonstrate some other popular software for word pro- cessing,
Presentation, Spreadsheet, Database management, System which support Hindi and / or some
other Indian Language(s). (Leap Office is an example of Office suit with Indian Language
support)
2. Students are suggested to prepare some document/presentations of their IT Appli-cation report
file. In Indian Language(s).
Suggested Reading:
Information Technology on line by Dr M. Afsar Alain, Devraa Books, Delhi-06.

PRACTICALS

Internal One practical Paper : 30 Marks
Duration of examination : 2 hours
Distribution of Marks
(a) Hands- on Experience (2 Exercises)
(i) Using Internet 05 Marks
(ii) MS- Access 10 Marks
(b) IT Application Report File 10 Marks
(c) Viva-voce 05 Marks

Design of Practical Question Paper

There is no pre-set question paper provided by the Board for conducting practical examination.
This flexibility has been provided to give more freedom to the examiners for the improvement of
practical examination, keeping in view the resources and other facilities available in the laboratory
of the School. However, detailed instruction on the basis of syllabus, distribution of marks and
conduction of practical examination has been provided. Examiners can set the question paper according
to the prescribed curriculum and distribution of marks.
(A) Hands - on Experience 15 Marks
(i) Using Internet 05 Marks
A problem using Internet
Send e-mail.
(ii) MS-Access 10 Marks
A problem in MS Access related to some of the tools given below to be tested during
Examination.
Creating an entering data into a database
Setting the primary key.
Data Validation.
Note:- Printouts of the documents should be attached with the answer sheets
(B) IT Application Report file : Students are supposed to mark a IT Application Report File containing
real life assignment using
MS —Access.
Documents of MS Access (At least 5). 10 Marks
(C) Viva-voce 05 Marks

External One Practical Paper
                                                                                        Duration of Examination : 2 Hours
Marks : 3034
Distribution of marks

(a) Hands on Experience (2 Exercises)
(i) Using Internet 04 Marks
(ii) HTML 11 Marks
(b) IT Application Report File 10 Marks
(c) Viva 05 Marks
Design of Practical Question Paper
There is no pre-set question paper provided by the Board for conducting practical examination.
This flexibility has been provided to give more freedom to the examiners for the improvement of
practical examination, keeping in view the resources and other facilities available in the laboratory
of the school. However, detailed instruction on the basis of syllabus, distribution of marks and
conduction of practical examination has been provided. Examiners can set the question paper according
to the prescribed curriculum and distribution of marks.
(A) Hands- on Experience 15 Marks
(i) Using Internet 04 Marks
A problem using internet.
Searching pm a given topic and collecting relevant information.
(ii) HTML 11 Marks
A problem on Web page designing (Minimum 2 pages) to be given which will cover some
of the following HTML elements:
O HTML, HEAD, TITLE, BODY
O FONT
O CENTER, BR, HR, B,I,U,P
O Comments
The students are supposed to know the tools and style for designing the real life applications
O Designing Web Pages for their School
O Designing Web Pages for their personal interest. -
Break up of Marks (HTML)
Visual effect : 4
Linking : 2
Tools used : 5
Note: Printouts of the documents should be attached with the answer sheets.
(B) IT Application Report File 10 Marks
Students are supposed to mark a IT application Report File containing real life presentations.
Report File must have printouts of the following:
HTML source code along with browsers view (at least 10)
Web Pages (Minimum 5) designed for the school (Both HTML code and the browser
view).

(C) Viva 05 Marks

Suggested reading:
Oxford Computer Science by S. Panchal and A. Sabharwal for Class 10th.35

WORK EXPERIENCE
(Class X)

The nature of essential activities at the secondary stage (Classes IX-X) will remain the same as
proposed for Class VI to VIII. However, their complexity will increase by adding more dimensions
with a definite prevocational focus and on the job work
1) Use of bus and railway time tables.
2) Milking of dairy animals.
3) Reception work in school.
4) Preparation & distribution of midday meal/snacks in composite schools.
5) Preparation of teaching aids preferable low cost/no cost teaching/learning material and equipment
for self and lower classes.
6) Helping school authorities in organizing exhibitions, picnics, tour and excursions etc.
7) First aid activities like counting of pulse, taking of temperature and bandaging of wounds after
their cleaning.
8) Helping traffic police in regulation of traffic.
9) Plantation of shady/fuel, ornamental/avenue trees.
10) Preparation of family budget and maintenance of daily household accounts.
11) Acquaintance with common fertilizers and practices and their application with appropriate
equipment.
12) Acquaintance with common pests and plant diseases and use of simple chemical and plant
protection equipment.
13) Handling farm animals for feeding, washing or general examination.
14) Preparation of soak-pit for collecting liquid from the cattle shed.
15) Studying the nutrition and health status of people in a village/city, slum/tribal area.
16) Helping in community programmes and enhancing the nutrition. Health and environmental
status of the community through door-to-door contact programmes.
17) Digging branch latrines during festivals and maintaining them hygienically.
18) Participation in adult literacy programmes.
19) Helping in child-care.
20) Volunteer work in hospital and fairs, floods and famines and in accident, etc.
Note Work practice at this stage may also take the form of project with sequential activities
relating to vocations in production or services sector. Each student should be required to take two
projects in and outside the school, depending upon the availability of resources and time. Students
should be required in and out side the school depending upon the availability of resource and time,
select project in such a way that at least two need areas are covered. The projects should provide
vocational orientation.36
A list of projects is given below
1. Raising of flowers, vegetables, plants and their seedlings in nurseries.
2. Repair and maintenance of equipment for plant protection.
3. Prefabrication of irrigation channels.
4. Developing plants by vegetative propagation-budding, grafting, cutting, layering, etc.
5. Raising poultry birds (1) for eggs, (2) for table purposes.
6. Making bakery and confectionery products.
7. Food preservation-making of jam, jelly, tomato ketchup-pickles.
8. Project relating to non-conventional sources of energy - Sun, wind, tides, bio-gas, etc.
9. Cookery skills.
10. Bee-keeping, bottling and marketing of honey.
11. Silkworm rearing for sale or yarn making.
12. Mushroom cultivation for consumption, preservation or sale.
13. Fish rearing in small ponds.
14. Post-harvest technology and safe storage of food grains.
15. Use of bacterial fertilizers.
16. Preparation of milk products.
17. Plant protection against pests and diseases.
18. Soil testing reclamation measures.
19. Preparation of stationery items such as files, file-boards, registers, writing pads, stamping ink,
etc.
20. Toeing and dyeing and screen-printing as commercial ventures.
21. Garment making.
22. Repair and maintenance of domestic electrical gadgets.
23. Preparing electric extension boards for use in home/school or for sale.
24. Motor-winding as trade.
25. Photography-commercial.
26. Preparation of decoration pieces of a more sophisticated nature out of Plaster of Paris.
27. Mat and carpet weaving.
28. Doll-making.
29. Hand embroidery.
30. Typewriting with adequate proficiency.
31. Stenography.
32. Preparation of nutritious snacks.
33. Preparation of a variety of teaching aids for use in school.
34. Plumbing.
35. Running a cooperative store.
36. Running a student’s back.
37. Running a book bank




                                                            HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION 1
Class X
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
Health Education
1) To develop favourable attitude towards good health habits.
2) To prepare the individual for contribution towards the solution of common health problems.
3) To prepare the individual to contribute to environmental hygiene.
4) To develop active in good posture, exercise, rest, sleep, & food.
5) To develop favourable for participating in immunization programmes.
6) To develop favourable attitude to observe safety rules in and out of home.
7) To develop favourable attitudes towards health living through observance of health habits and
such practices that contributes to good health.
8) To acquaint the individual with harmful effects of smoking, drinking and abuse of drugs.
9) To develop favourable attitude to cooperate with health, police and other organisations in the
interest of efficient service to the community.
10) To enable the individual to make right decision relating to principles and practices of consumer
health.
11) To enable the individual to practise an acceptable health habit and shun from practices and
habits, like smoking, drinking etc.
Physical Education
1) To promote physical fitness and organic efficiency.
2) To develop awareness regarding importance of physical fitness and organic efficiency in
individual and social life.
3) To develop awareness regarding transfer of fundamental process to physical activities of one’s
choice.
4) To develop interest in exercise, sports and games for self-satisfaction in present and later life.
5) To enable an individual to give evidence of talent and such traits as self-mastery, discipline,
courage,confidence and efficiency.
6) To enable an individual to display sense of responsibility, patriotism, self-sacrifice and service
to the community in a better way.
7) To develop awareness to good posture so that one may strive to maintain good posture.
8) To enable an individual to lead an enthusiastic and active life.
9) To enable an individual to practise socially acceptable behaviour pattern in an impressive
manner.38


                                               HEALTH EDUCATION
There shall be one paper of 100 Marks                                                           3 hrs. duration.
1. Personal Health
Signs and symptoms of diseases,desirable practices to prevent diseases AIDS and Vunerable
diseases.
2. Environment Health
(i) Water precaution against contamination.
(ii) Use of water for drinking and cooking
(iii) Air-factor of air pollution.
3. Food and Nutrition
Balance diet from locally available food; food habits; healthy cooking practices; food
preservation and conservation.
4. Control of Diseases
Participating in popularization of immunised programme precautions against communi-cable
diseases and epidemics, participating in naturalization of natural calamities like floods, droughts,
cyclones, etc.
5. Consumer Education
Making wise decisions in respect of various consumer products on the basis of their claims
the form of advertisement; developing skills of distinguishing between a quack and a medical
practitioner.
6. First- Aid Home Nursing
Various steps of safety, first-aid home nursing
(a) Organisation of first-aid teams.
(b) Preparing and using first-aid kit.
(c) Participation in safety measure against fire, air-aids and other measures. Knowledge of
causes and condition of athletic injuries and developing code of conduct for safety andsafety measures.
7. Physical Education
1. Athletics
a) Repetition of skills & techniques of the events learnt in the previous class.
b) Hurdles- 11o m. Low (3 height), Warming up exercises, running over the sticks, setting
leading action.
c) Conditioning Specializing; Sprints; endurance run jumps, throw.39
MAJOR GAMES (ANY TWO)
1. Badminton
(a) Repetition of skill learnt in the Previous class.
(b) Drills to develop techniques of; spin service, flat Service; floating; pushing;drop
(c) Game practice.
2.  Basket- Bali
(a) Repetition of skills learnt in the previous class.
(b) practicing drills and offensive and defensive
(c) positional play.
(d) Training for endurance and speed
3. Cricket
(a) Repetition of skills learnt in the previous class.
(b) Specific drills to develop  ffensive and defensive tactics.
(c) Training - Endurance
(d) Practice matches.
4. Foot-Ball
(a) Repetition of skills learnt in the previous class.
(b) Specific drills to develop techniques Kicking, Trapping, Shooting into goal, Dribbling,
          Goal Keeping.
(c) Position play pushing, Kicking, Dribbling, Scooping, Goal Keeping, Goal Shooting
(d) Positional play
(e) Offensive and defensive tactics-Training-Endurance, Speed & Moves.
(f) Training for endurance and speed
(g) Regulation
5. Hand Ball
(a) Repetition of skills learnt in the previous class.
(b) Specific drills to develop techniques- passing, Shooting, Goalkeeping, Blocking,
(c) Offensive and defensive tactics.
(d) Positional play.
(e) Training to develop different moves, speed and endurance.
(f) Regulation games40
6. Hockey
(a) Repetition of skills learnt in the previous class.
(b) Specific drills to develop Techniques, Passing, Hitting.
7. Kabaddi
(a) Repitition  of skills learnt in the previous class;
(b) Specific drills to develop techniques.
(c) Offensive and defensive tactics.
(d) Regulation game.
8. Kho-Kho
(a) Repetition of skills learnt in the previous class.
(b) Skills-single and double chain dodging
(c) Practice of skills.
(d) Regulation game.
9. Volley - Ball
(a) Repetition of skills learnt in the previous class.
(b) Skills-Passing.
(i) Upper hand pass and turn.
(ii) Upper hand pass with back and side roll.
(iii) Blocking.
(c) Positional play.
(d) Offensive and defensive tactics.
(e) Regulation game.
BOYS
III. Gymnastics:
Repetition of skills learnt in the previous class:
A. Skills part
Floor Exercises:
1. Combination of previously learnt exercises.
2. Flip-flop through teaching stages with the help of a teacher.
3. Forward salto with take-off from the spring board.
Note :  Skill No. 2 & 3 should only be taught keeping in view the capability of an individual.
Parallel Bars
(i) Upper arm swing.
(ii) Back upraise.41
(iii) Up start.
(iv)Swing in support position.
Vaulting Horse
(i) Mastery over the teaching stage of straddle vault on long Horse.
(ii) Complete straddle vault on long Horse.
Horizontal Bar
(i) One leg up-start.
(ii) One leg circle backward.
B. Conditioning Exercises
This aspect should in include various exercises to develop strength, endurance, speed, agility,
flexibility and coordination.
GIRLS
Gymnastics
Repetition of skills learned in the previous class.
A. Skill part
Floor Exercises
1) Mastery over the previously learnt skills with emphasis on dancing movements incorporating
with music.
2) Flic-flac-through various teaching stage keeping in view the capability of an individual.
Balancing Beams
1) Combination of various movements.
2) Various kinds of jumps on balancing beam.
3) Straddle legs sitting on balancing beam.
Vaulting Horse
1. Mastery over the various stages of handspring.
2. Complete handspring, keeping in view the capability of an individual.
B. Conditioning Exercises:
This aspect should include various exercises to develop strength, endurance, speed, flexibility,
agility, rhythm and coordination.
IV. Yogic Exercises
1. Shalabhasan
2. Garabhasan42
3. Naukasan
4. Shirshasan
5. Hjoolasan
6. Brishabhasan
7. Oordh Sarvangasan
8. Hast-Padangushasan
9. Uttan-Kooramasan
10. Surya-Namaskarm.
V. Combative
A. Wrestling
1. Repeating the previous skills learnt in the previous classes.
2. Pinning holds
(a) Single arm roll
(b) Single arm roll with one leg.
(c) Double arm roll from underneath.
(d) Cradle.
(e) Crought lift.
(f) Break down and counter for above holds.
3 Regulation Bouts
I. Dagger Fight (Jambia)
(a) Repetition on the strokes and defense skills learnt in the previous class.
(b) Stroke to a part of the body and defense. Fight after dagger release.
(c) Repetition on the strokes and defense skills learnt in the previous class.
(d) Stroke to a part of the body and defense.
(e) Fight after dagger release.
(f) Demonstration fight.
VI. JUDO
1. History and its Developments.
2. Rules of the Judo.
3. Conditioning.
4. Purpose & methods of Randori/Yakshoku-Rensho.
Skills
1. Thanai Goshi (Spring Hip Throw)
2. Tato Otoshi (Body Drop)
3. Koshi Gurma (Hip Wheel)
4. Satomaki Komi (Outside Drop)
5. Akuti Eri Jime (Sliding Lapel Check)43
6. Ude Garami and Gatani
7. Hand Spring
8. Counter Techniques and Contests.
Terminology
Ippon Pull Point
Wazzari Almost Ippon
Yuko Almost Wazzari
Koka Almost Yuku
Shido Note
Chui Chuation
Keikoku Warming up
Hikwake Draw
Osackomi Holding
Toketa Hold Broken
Newaza Ground  Technique
Matte Maitta Wait
Sonomama Don’t move
Yoshi Start Again
VI. Swimming (Optional)
1. Repeat the skills learnt earlier
2. Develop the skills of all the four stroke.
3. Simple ways of entry in the water (life/saving)
4. Release from the victim.
5. Simple methods of carry-Head Cross Chest.
6. Methods of resuscitation.



                                                                         ART EDUCATION
(Class X)
There shall be one paper of 100 marks                                                             3 hours duration.

1. Two Dimensional or Pictorial Activities.
(i) Study of visual resources and their expression
(ii) Study of line, strokes, marks, tones, textures, etc., While organising two dimensional
spaces with 2 dimensional and 3 dimensional shapes and forms.
(iii) Creative use of  perspective in spatial relationship.
(iv) Creative use of colour to show space, atmosphere, etc.
(v) Use of contrast as an expressive element of art.
2. Study and use of various media and techniques to the extend of their availability.
(i) Crayon, charcoal pencil colours and gouacha, acryline colour and other unconven-tional
source of colours and tools on various surface such as papers, canvases, hard-board,
simple marking cloth pasted on paper etc.
(ii) College and mosaic work with coloured papers and
3. Group Activities
(i) Organising display and exhibitions of student’s periodical and sessional work.
(ii) Organising inter-school art exhibitions (not with a view to competition and prize distribution
but with a view to widen interaction.
(iii) Planning and arranging cultural evenings, musical concerts, film shows and other
performances (including other regional and folk community art forms)
(iv) Participating in study trips to museums, botanical gardens, zoological gardens, and art
galleries and art institutions etc. for greater awareness of the environment & cultural
varieties.
4. Theoretical understanding of Art an’
(i) Short notes with suitable reproductions on important aspects of Indian Art and Culture.
(ii) Important contemporary Artists  and Art movements..
Suggested Reading : Art Education, Devraa Books, New Delhi-6.

PAINTING

There shall be one paper of 100 marks and 3 hours duration.
Painting of Memory
Simple composition in (Water/Poster/Pastel) Colours on given subject based on sketching
from life.
Or

ART AND DRAWING

There shall be one paper of 100 marks and 3 hours duration based on the following contents:
I. Design and colour design
Principles of ornament naturalistic, conventional, abstract arrangement of the forms and
details, compressing, repetition, alternation, symmetry,- radiation, balance proportion, variety, rhythm,
contrast, fitness, and utility ornamental filling of given spaces mander, unit repeat, drop, repeat all
over pattern, border designs, angle and elbows. Centre chands and corners, tracing and transferring
of design suitable embroidery, carpentry, namda making, gabba, ap-plique, and hook work, car co
printing, wall decoration, and stenciling.

II. Colour

Difference in spectrum colours and pigment colours, practice in pigment colours, primary,
secondary and tertiary colours, preparation of tints and shades, colour harmony and contrast,
juxtaposition of colours mixing and matching of colours.
Medium to be used: Tempera powder colours, pastel colour and water colour.
Or
Geometrical Design, Solid Geometry and Scale drawing
I. Geometrical Design

Banded design based on Geometrical form all over geometrical patterns, designs suitable for
sealing covers such as Khutamband, Bandircom, Chargola, Latic, design (woolen pingraz) based on
geometrical form such as stars, lyzones etc.
Medium to be used: Water colour, Pastel colour.

1.1.. Solid Geometrical Drawing
Drawing from cube, prism, cone, pyramid, cylinder in different angles showing deviation and
plan according to scale.
III. Scale Drawing
Preparation of simple scale and diagonal scales, drawing from simple carpentry articles
showing plan, side elevation and from elevations such as paper trays, teapots, sitting garden bench,
stool, chair etc.

MUSIC
There shall be one theory paper of 25 marks and 2 hours duration and a practical paper of
75 marks and 3 hours duration.

THEORY PAPER
Marks : 25 Time: 2 hours
1. Definition of the following terms:
Sangeet Shruti, Swras and its kinds, Septak (Mander, Madha and Tar Sthai Antra Rag Thath,
Laya, its kinds, Pakar, Vadiswra Aavadi and Varj)
2. To write Teen Taal, Dadra and Katherawa in Singal lays.
3. The Main parts of Musical instruments in practice.
4. Short life histories of Pandit V.N. Bakhandy, Pandit V.B. Paluskar and Amir Khusroo.
5. Writing of Ragas or Gats in Notation.

                                        PRACTICAL EXAMINATION
Marks :75                                                                                                        Time         : 3 hours
1. Handing of Tanpuri or any Musical Instrument: Sitar, Rabab, Israj, Flute, Santoor.
2. To sing or play paltas (Alankars)
3. To sing or play the following Ragas with atleast two Tans or Todas: Bhoopali Khamaj or
BiIwal.
4. To sing a folk song and a devotional song.
5. To give the Tal beats of Teental Dardra and Khaiva in Singal laya.
Note : The students have to pass theory and practical Examination Separately.
Book recommended :
Sangeet Shastra Darpan (Part – I) by Smt. Shanti Govardhan (Pathak Publication 27 Mahazani
Tala, Allahabad)47







                                                              HOME SCIENCE
There shall be one theory paper of 75 marks                                                              3 hours duration and
                                                     practical examination
25 marks                                                                                                                       3 hour duration
Part-1
Marks : 40
Unit – I : Home a clean comfortable and attractive place to live and work. 8 marks
Unit – II : Care of Home and its equipment cleaning of floor, walls, furniture, equipment
etc. including utensils and other accessories. 8 marks
Unit – III : Budgeting of family income to meet family needs and plants 8 marks
Unit – IV : Purchase of household item : quality, cost, utility. 8 marks
a) Safety in home
b) Safe storage of cleaning agents and drugs
c) First and treatments of burns and cuts, etc. 8 marks
Part – II
Marks : 35
(Textile and Clothing)
Unit-I : Selection, care operations of sewing machine 10 marks
Unit-II : Fabrics : types of fabrics, their characteristics. 10 marks
Unit-III : Selection of clothing-Factors affecting selection such as durability, beauty comfort,
season, texture, etc. 10 marks
Unit-IV : Basic embroidery stitches. 5 marks
PRACTICALS
(1) Floor decoration using alpha paints, flowers and leaves, etc.
(2) Cleaning of metal (s) & household for one week and discuss the pattern.
(3) Record your family expenditure for one week and discuss the pattern.
(4) Market survey of cost and quality of household items.
(5) First aid burns and cuts, etc.
(6) Cleaning and care of sewing machines.
(7) Collection of fabric sample and discussions of their characteristics.
(8) Embroidery on cushion covers/s of backs.
 
















 








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